Thursday, November 28, 2013

This Week's Crops & Clips: Anhinga

If your flair in fashions favors green goggles and corrugated tail feathers, you will just love the Anhinga.

Male in breeding plumage.

Anhinga 3-20100228

Anhinga 20100228

This is a classic pose, as this female Anhinga dries her wings.

Anhinga 20130128

This is an exciting encounter that I had with an Anhinga at Green Cay Wetlands in Palm Beach County (Two minute slide show). If you cannot see the video, try this link:

Back near home in our local wetlands, I watched as this Anhinga took on a big fish (one minute slideshow).  If the video does not display here, try this link:

Caring for a hungry chick.

Anhinga chick hungry 20100301

Anhingas are very graceful in flight.

Anhinga 20121127

As I walked the trail along a canal where the water was only about two feet deep, I saw an Anhinga splashing noisily ahead of me. It was disturbed by my presence and took flight down the path away from me. 

Anhinga overhead.

Anhinga Overhead 20091114

Ii suddenly made a U-turn and headed down the path straight at me. I know this was a deliberate hostile act.

Look out below! The cascade of excrement missed my shoulder by inches.

Look Out Below 20100118

Sunday, November 24, 2013

Birding Rio Grande Nature Center

On our second day in Albuquerque, there had been light rain during the night, continuing into the morning, and reports of snow and high winds up at Sandia Crest. We therefore decided to begin our day at Rio Grande Nature Center.  There were reports on the Internet that a  Harris's Sparrow had been present there for the past three days. 

As we entered the parking lot, we delighted in the beauty of a Cottonwood in all its fall glory.

Cottonwood tree at Rio Grande Nature Center 20131105

At the pond next to the parking lot, there was a mixed assembly of dabbling ducks, mostly Mallards. Among them, a beautiful male Gadwall.

Gadwall male 20131105

A single Western Grebe with firery red eyes stood out in the center of the pond.

Western Grebe 20131105

Western Grebe 2-20131105

A lone Pied-billed Grebe looked tiny in comparison.

Pied-billed Grebe 20131105

A pair of Hooded Mergansers appeared briefly, and I was lucky to catch them before they swam out of sight.

Hooded Mergansers 20131105

Our next stop was at the feeders on the way to the interpretive center. White-crowned Sparrows were abundant.

White-crowned Sparrow 20131105

In the past it was unusual for us to see more than one or two White-throated Sparrows here, but this morning we saw at least six adults.

White-throated Sparrow 20131105

They had bright golden lores.

White-throated Sparrow 2-20131105

We were amazed to see that huge numbers of White-winged Doves were mobbing the feeders. We led bird hikes there, and White-wings were absent until just before we moved to Florida in 2004.

White-winged Doves 20131105

A White-breasted Nuthatch joined Red-winged Blackbirds at the feeder.

White-breasted Nuthatch with Red-winged Blackbirds 20131105

This Dark-eyed (Oregon) Junco wears evidence of the efficiency of the RGNC banding team.

Dark-eyed Oregon Junco 20131105

The golden Cottonwood leaves provided a beautiful background a Downy Woodpecker which, uncharacteristically lacks black markings on its outer tail feathers.

Downy Woodpecker 20131105

An unusual find was this Townsend's Solitaire, which usually does not stray so far from the Sandia foothills.

Townsend's Solitaire 20131105

We then watched the pond adjacent to the interpretive center, where we found several pairs of brightly-colored Wood Ducks. These two dominated the feeder.

Wood Ducks 20131105

Here is another beautiful male.

Wood Duck male 20131105

The rain let up, and Mary Lou and I birded the area and searched for the Harris's Sparrow until the interpretive center opened at 10:00 AM. Unfortunately, no one had left a record of exactly where the sparrow had been seen, and we were unsuccessful in our quest. 

Thursday, November 21, 2013

This Week's Crops & Clips: Eastern Phoebe

Why does the image of a phoebe bring about a sense of peace and place within me? Is it the bird's association with old bridges and gently flowing streams, with childhood memories of long summers and the smell of moss and fresh grass? Or is it the attitude of the bird itself, placid, patient and unassumingly plain in plumage?

With fresh fall feathers, in the dawn's light, the phoebe's breast glows golden.

Eastern Phoebe 20131120

All winter it slurs its name "Shwee-be," or chips so sharply that the sound echoes, making it difficult to find the source.

Eastern Phoebe 3-20131120

Sometimes it permits a close approach, as this one did on the boardwalk railing in Chapel Trail Nature Preserve.

Eastern Phoebe 2-20131031

An unexpected visitor suddenly appears. "I wonder what it tastes like." The brightly colored Julia butterfly either mimics other bad-tasting butterflies or is itself unpalatable, so it passes by safely. 

Eastern Phoebe meets male Julia 20131031

The Eastern Phoebe graces our Florida neighborhood all winter long.

Eastern Phoebe 20120130

By midsummer, when we meet again in Illinois, the phoebe is in formal dress, its breast bleached white.  

Eastern Phoebe 20100515

This young phoebe has caught a Red Admiral butterfly. It will soon learn whether to do this again.

Eastern Phoebe with Red Admiral 20100518

In August, the contrast between upper and lower parts is now striking. Sorry I cut off the beak, but I took this shot in a hurry to document it because the bird looked unfamiliar! 

Eastern Phoebe 20110830

In early September, it is time for ragged feathers to be replaced in the post-breeding molt.

Eastern Phoebe 20100908

All of the above are Eastern Phoebes, but in the Southwest we find two other species, the Black Phoebe (photographed in Arizona)...

Black Phoebe 2-20130617

...and Say's Phoebe (digiscoped in my former back yard in New Mexico).

Say' s Phoebe

Sunday, November 17, 2013

Missing the Rosy-Finches at Sandia Crest

Many birders were disappointed this past winter when the Sandia Crest House, located atop the Sandia Mountains in New Mexico, closed its doors. As related in Seeking our Signature Species, we started a bird feeding program there back in 1999. It attracted all three North American rosy-finch species. Each of the species (and the distinctive Hepburn's subspecies of the Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch) breed in separate ranges, often on mountaintops. 

Sandia Crest, just east of Albuquerque, is the only easily accessible site at which they all may be seen together. In September, the Crest House Restaurant and Gift Shop reopened under new ownership and management, with plans to stay open all winter.

After visiting our son and his family in Canyon, Texas, we drove to Albuquerque on Monday (November 4), and spent two nights there. Before getting into town we stopped at Sandia Crest to meet the new Manager, Nick Harada. As we started up the 14 miles to the Crest, we noted that the temperature was 55 degrees (F) at the base of Crest Road (about 7,000 ft elevation). The skies were clear and there was little wind, a perfect day.

Our first stop along the road was at Doc Long Picnic Area, where we heard the warbled song and brief whistled calls of a Townsend's Solitaire. This drab member of the thrush family breeds on high mountains throughout western North America. Northernmost populations from Alaska and Canada migrate south into the US and to lower elevations, supplementing the numbers of local birds during the winter. 

Townsend's Solitaire 20131104

On our way up we stopped at several pull-outs hoping to hear or see some birds such as crossbills or other winter finches. This is the view from 10K Trailhead, with smoke from a forest fire evident on the horizon to the north.

10K Trailhead with distant forest fire 20131104

Up at the top, at an altitude of over 10,600 feet, the temperature was 32 degrees! There had only been a dusting of snow the previous week, and no snow cover, so it was not surprising to find that the rosy-finches had not yet arrived. Typically, they fly in with the first real snow storm, which was expected to hit that night and continue into the next day.  This is the entry to Sandia Crest House Gift Shop and Restaurant.

Sandia Crest House entry 20131104

We were hungry after the 4 1/2 hour drive from Amarillo, so we had lunch at one of the tables next to the glass wall that overlooks the deck where the rosy-finches will soon visit the hanging feeder. We talked to the other workers and enjoyed Green Chile Cheeseburgers. The famous bowl of green chile is still on the menu. I feel confident that the staff will continue to be very birder-friendly, and I hope that visitors reciprocate by purchasing food and drinks as well as merchandise.

I created this 180 degree panoramic view of the interior of Crest House with my new iPhone. The kitchen is to the left and the west-facing deck is at the right. The two windows in the center background are on the east wall of the Gift Shop section of Crest House and they overlook a second feeder. It is easy to understand the popularity of this location, where birders can sit in comfort and tick off three new bird species that brave the harsh mountaintop winters.

Sandia Crest House panorama. NOV 4 2013

The deck provides a marvelous view of the City of Albuquerque a mile below.

Deck Feeder at Sandia Crest House 20131104

This is the southwest-facing view from the deck. Sandia Mountain courses away to the south (far left), and the Manzano Mountains are in the distance, behind the Manzanita foothills. These mountains are considered to be the southern extreme of the Rocky Mountain chain, all consisting of sedimentary rock uplifted by collision of tectonic plates. To the far right is  Mount Taylor (elevation 11,301 feet), the cone of an extinct volcano, 80 miles to the west, but visible on this clear day. 

Viewof Albuquerque from Crest House Deck 20131104

The feeders had been put up a few days previously and were hosting Steller's Jays, both Red-breasted and White-breasted Nuthatches, juncos, a Downy Woodpecker, and Mountain Chickadees. 

Steller's Jay on the deck feeder:

Steller's Jay 20131104

Red-breasted Nuthatches flew in and quickly removed one seed at a time, retiring to the trees to either eat or hide them:

Red-breasted Nuthatch 3-20131104

My photos were taken through the glass, so they are not of very good quality. This White-breasted Nuthatch seems to defy gravity as it strolls up the trunk of a tree.

White-breasted Nuthatch 20131104

The second feeder is positioned downhill, just to the southeast of the Crest House.

Sandia Crest House SE elevation 20131104

It is readily visible from the picture windows.

Steller's Jays 20131104

Although Nick had just started his job as Manager and had never before heard about the rosy-finches he was very interested in learning all he could about them and the other feeder birds. We reviewed pictures of the three rosy-finch species and the Hepburn's variant. 

That evening we had a very pleasant meeting and dinner with the Crest House owner, Andy Mayer. He has given a lot of thought as to how to make birders feel at home, and is supportive of the scientific and educational value of the banding program. The banding team is working out the details of how banding will be conducted. He  also plans to put up hummingbird feeders on the deck after the rosy-finches depart, which also should attract much interest from the general public. 

The weather indeed took a nasty turn the next day. When we set out at about 8:00 AM there was light rain and the temperature was 45 degrees in Albuquerque (5200 feet elevation). The Sandia Mountains were shrouded in clouds and the weather reports predicted that the snow that started there during the night would continue until around noon. We therefore decided to first visit Rio Grande Nature Center State Park in Albuquerque (more about that in a subsequent post). 

At about 11:00 AM we decided to venture up to Crest House for lunch. The sky was blue and the road was clear until we got near the ski area, at about 9,000 feet elevation. Clouds and blowing snow caused episodes of near white-out conditions. The road was snow-packed above Nine Mile Picnic Area, but we continued up in our rental Toyota Camry. At Crest House, the temperature was down to 24 degrees (F) with high winds. 

Sandia Crest House from upper parking lot 20131105

We could barely see the lower feeder from the picture window, and the hanging tray feeder on the deck was swinging wildly. The only birds we saw were Steller's Jays, White- and Red-breasted Nuthatches, Mountain Chickadees, ravens and a few juncos.  With those wonderful snow conditions we knew that the rosy-finches would be there on the heels of the storm. We were right! 

The next morning, at about the same time we were boarding the plane to return to Florida,  John and Thelma Dalmas of Nacogdoches, Tx saw 4 Black and 2 Gray-crowned Rosy-Finches at the feeder. Later in the day, Alan Mickelson, feeder program coordinator, went up to fill the feeders and saw a single Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch.

I must dig into my archives to find one of my photos, this of a Black Rosy-Finch at the deck feeder:

Black Rosy-Finch EDITED

From the window of our aircraft as we climbed over the Manzanos, we got our last view of Sandia Crest, poking up conspicuously in the distance.  It is nice that we at least have a pixelated photo of this season's rosy-finches. At this range, hundreds would fit into a single pixel! 

Sandia Crest and rosy-finches in distance 20131106

As soon as we arrived home I edited the Sandia Crest Birding FORUM and replaced this flag...

...with this one, announcing arrival of the finches!

Useful Links:

Directions to Sandia Crest House with notes about Health and Safety, Handicapped Access and birding in and around the Sandia Mountains

Sandia Crest House Restaurand and Gift Shop Web page (with menu)